Today, robots are used in various industries to execute dangerous or repetitive tasks with precision. As technology in the robotics industry advances, robotic applications in various industries have diversified.
An industrial robot is a poly-articulated gadget that facilitates movement and positioning of a tool through its end effector in a working environment. The end effector can be the robotic hand or arm. The poly-articulated procedures in industrial robots utilize a framework comprised of rotary joints for its movement.
Rotary joints come in handy to execute various intricate tasks such as; penetrating through hard to access areas. Robots that have poly articulated arms are utilized in various industries for painting, surface coating, welding, and moving materials to inaccessible places.
Use of Robots in the Modern Era
In the past, industrial robots were huge and had to be caged to prevent human-robot accidents. Until recently, humans and robots couldn’t collaborate in the same working environment. However, with advancements in the robotics industry, this is changing and robots can now work hand in hand with humans.
Some of the biggest automotive engine factories today have incorporated the collaborative automotive robot in their operations. The unit is not only lightweight, but it can also work together with humans without posing a danger. Industrial robots now come with vision systems that enhance their execution flexibility.
Businesses can leverage this factor to facilitate verification of the quality of manufactured products. Such robots utilize the vision-guided robot system and come fully installed with cameras. These play the role of sensors to guarantee backup signal feedback on the robot controller, to change volatile position with more precision.
Significance of Industrial Robots
Industrial robots are specially designed to be used in dangerous environments. For instance, they could be used to handle heavy objects in the automotive industry. They could also be used in the nuclear industry and environments that involve the use of highly corrosive substances.
For long, players in the automotive industry have utilized robots in assembly lines to execute hazardous tasks such as welding, painting, and stamping. These robots have been used in modern automotive manufacturing since the early 1960s. To date, industrial automotive robots are widely used in the automotive sector.
The inaugural industrial robot was used in an automotive plant in New Jersey in the year 1962. However, it wasn’t until 1982 when the use of robots in the automotive industry became common practice. Manufacturers then started embracing robotics to automate various processes such as assembly, die casting, and transporting huge parts.
Currently, the automotive sector is one of the places where industrial robots are widely used. Studies conducted in 2013 indicated that there were 70 million new robot installations in the automotive industry. This number would increase to 90 million units in 2014. This trend is expected to continue in subsequent years.
Robotic Applications in the Automotive Industry
Automobile production is currently more complex unlike was the case in the past. Manufacturers today are relying on robots to execute most of the tasks to guarantee precision and speed.
Many times, automotive robots come in handy to lift overly heavy objects. The robots, in this case, come with a hydraulic pump that facilitates the lifting. This way, they spare human employees from the risks that are associated with this task such as injuries. Robots have eased the execution of some tasks which would have been impossible in the past.
Robotic welders play a critical role during the manufacturing process. Not only do they execute the role with precision, but they also do so faster than humans would. The two types of welding applied to automobiles are the spot and arc welding.
Spot welding is a resistance welding that’s used to unite different sheets of metal. Arc welding, on the other hand, is an effective method of metal welding. It’s often applied in areas that experience a lot of stress such as the chassis area.
Robotic Spray Painters
Robot spray painters ease the process of painting vehicles. These robots are programmed to allow a specific amount of spray within a specific time. Robotic spray painters execute this task with more precision and speed than humans would. They also protect employees from inhaling toxic fumes.
The automotive industry is evolving fast and more robotic applications will be available in the future. Use of robots has been instrumental in enhancing productivity, security, reliability, and cutting down delivery time as well as costs in the automotive industry.